Data serialization plays a crucial role in modern distributed systems, enabling effective communication and storage of structured data. Two widely used serialization methods in the industry are Avro and Protobuf (Protocol Buffers). This article will focus on both Avro and Protobuf, highlighting the distinct advantages of both serialization methods and why one method stands out, especially with systems like Kafka.
Avro is a serialization framework designed to be language-agnostic, relying on schemas to define data structures for serialization and deserialization. By relying on schemas to define data structures, Avro enables compatibility and flexibility between systems regardless of the languages they are implemented in.
The framework offers dynamic typing, enables data types to evolve over time without breaking compatibility making it easier to accommodate data sc